미군정기 신문의 보도 경향 - 모스크바 3상회의 한국의정서 보도를 중심으로
The Report Tendencies of Korean Newspapers during the U.S. Military Government Period - Focusing on the Reports related to The Moscow Agreement on Korea
To date the Korean newspapers during the U. S. Military Government Period have been evaluated to be of instigative tendencies with many distortions and exaggerations at the news reportings and commentaries. This study is to investigate (1) whether the evaluation is right, (2) If so, to what extent the papers distort. For the purposes, this study examined the tendencies of news reportings and commentaries of four newspapers related to The Moscow Agreement on Korea - the trusteeship issue in Korea which was one of the most important and controversial issues at that period. All the relevant news articles are sorted out of four main dailies : the Dong-a Ilbo (pro-right wings), the Chosun Ilbo (pro-right wings or the middle-of-the-road), the Jayu Sinmun(progressive the middle-of-the-road), and the Jungang Sinmun (progressive the middle-of-the-road or pro-left wings). This study performed the quantitative analysis about quantities, subjects, reporting attitude, and information sources, and also critical analysis about the historical meanings. According to the results of research, overall it could be said that the Chosun Ilbo, the Jayu Sinmun, and the Jungang Sinmun did relatively impartial news reportings and commentaries under the acute confrontation among left-right political groups, while the Dong-a Ilbo did partial reportings for right wings. However at the early stage when The Agreement was reported, all of four papers which regarded the trusteeship as the opposite concept of independence, emphasized only the trusteeship issue despite that the establishment of provisional democratic government was the first article therein. After the full text of The Agreement was known, the neutral attitude of reportings gradually increased. Especially the Chosun Ilbo and the Jungang Sinmun continued to stimulated the formation of united front among left-right political groups. But the whole society was already overwhelmed by the agitative public opinion of desperate opposition to trusteeship. And the left wings who accepted The Agreement failed to make the people understand and to persuade their standpoints as the left wings were suppressed by the U. S. Military Government. Under such situation the reasonable reportings of the issue could not be accepted. After all two divided governments were established at Korean peninsula. This historical development could not explained only by the report tendencies of newspapers. But it is undeniable that the report tendencies of newspapers gave much influence on the nation"s future at that time when the number of information media was very limited.
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