한국 성인의 흡연기인 사망추이
Trends of Smoking Attributable Mortality in Korea
The purpose of this study was to obtain basic data for antismoking policy by analyzing the trend of the smoking-attributable mortality among Korean adults with the change of times. The levels of smoking-related deaths and mortality rates were estimated in addition to the degrees and changes of the potential life lost to life expectancy by using of the report on the cause of death statistics published by Korea National Statistical Office at on interval of three years from 1992 to 2001, and then the trend of change was compared by sex, age, occupation and educational level. The results showed that the total smoking-attributable deaths were 16,104.1 in 1992, 18,728.4 in 1995, 19,299.5 in 1998, and 22,191.5 in 2001. In men the cancers such as bronchus and lung, liver, rectum, and colon, and ischemic heart disease, aortic aneurysm represented the increasing trend of the smoking?ttributable deaths, whereas in women hypertensive heart disease and other heart disease showed the increasing trend. And the highly increasing trend of the chronic obstructive lung disease was observed in both sex. And in occasion of other heart disease, hypertensive heart disease, and atherosclerosis the continuous decreasing trend of the smoking-attributable deaths was observed. Standardization of the smoking-attributable mortality ratios indicated that for men the mortality ratios were increased till 1998, and then they were decreased at some period, but they were increased again. But, in women they were increased till 2001, and then they were decreased. For occupational groups, in specialist and professional technicians the trend of results was decreasing result but in the rests such as students, housewives, unemployed person, and soldiers it was increasing. According to educational groups, in a group above high school and college graduate the trend of smoking-attributable mortality ratios were increasing, so it could be assumed that in persons with high academic background the smoking-attributable mortality ratios would be increasing. Negative relationships were observed between standardized mortalities attributable to smoking and gradient of education levels and occupation levels.
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