晉代 喪服書의 편찬과 성격 - 喪服禮의 확정 과정을 중심으로
The Compilation of the Funeral Costume Book and Its Characteristics in the Jin Period - Focused on Settling the Funeral Costume Manners -
This article is prepared to look again relation between the customary formality and public customary formality with departing from the standpoint that describes writing of the funeral costume book in Wei-Jin-Nan-Bei-Chao(魏晉南北朝) period as a means of preservation of the species and opinion that the then customary formality is independent right of Shidafu(士大夫) confronting with public law. That"s because if we appreciate the then funeral costume book is just confronting with public law, it reduces the utility of ritual study and disregards consciousness stream of Shidafu that they prescribed themselves as a ruler. Also it"s impossible to explain deployment of ritual study which was trying to realize ritual world including all of members. Therefore in this text, by chasing the procedure funeral costume manners was settled, it is confirmed that the then funeral costume manners complemented the part that the public customary formalities didn"t reach. The excessive formality prevalent in the end of later Han(漢) is exterminated in the Jin(晉) period. The situation appeared when the five-rites is established by the nation. The nation could practice the state-led standard creation, execution and sanctions by enacting five-rites and a lawㆍpeerage systemㆍofficial regulations. This means the circumstance that Shidafu makes a social standard is finished and the nation is the final decision maker of courtesy and responsible for judgement. Actually the revised New-rites declared the direct interference for the customary formality which was exercised independently. Then how did the Shidafu react for these changed situation? Until now, many researchers presumed that public system impinged on the autonomy of private world and Shidafu made funeral costume book which was expedient for private world. But through JinShu Lizhi(『晉書』『禮志』), we could confirm though the necessity of establishment of funeral costume manners arose from a specific family firstly, it was decided by an unbiased view of royal court finally. Then we"ll have to presume that the funeral costume manners in the Jin period was responsible for enriching the contents of public customary formality in addition to a role of family-law. This could be confirmed more definitely by analyzing then a series of funeral costume book. We could know that Shidafu was trying to discover suitability of their action through the rites scriptures. As State cults are established by nation, customary action is restricted, an exception of courtesy practice happened with unprecedented vortex and feudal peerage system was revived, Shidafu would realize the need of ceremony based on the class and so analyze the rites scriptures again. They tried to complete the integrated national rites code in addition to make and apply independent and individual standard for courtesy. Also it might be another cause of compilation of funeral costume book that funeral costume manners done wrongly was also an factor of degradation and deprivation of government post as funeral costume manners that filial piety was expressed extremely became an important factor to select talented people. Namely for Shidafu, as it was the most important social activity to comply with funeral costume manners and practice the normative action based on specific position and role required socially, research and annotation for the rites scriptures which becomes base for act was done continuously.
상복서 . 상복례 . 가례 . 국가례 . 예학 . 오례 . 신례 . 예경 . 丧服书 . 丧服礼 . 家礼 . 国家礼 . 礼学 . 五礼 . 新礼 . 礼经 . funeral costume book . funeral costume manners . customary formality . public customary formality . ritual study . five-rites . New-rites . rites scriptures.
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