동남아시아 국가 형성과 이주
Migration and the Formation of Southeast Asian States
In this paper, author argues the formation of each Southeast Asian state should be studied in the context of the migration. Mainland Southeast Asian countries are the examples of this study. Author categorizes the various patters of the migrations into three: southward movement, climbing-up march, and trans-plantings. In the chapter one on the southward movements, Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, Thailnad, and Burma are discussed. This type of migration was carried on alongside water, both big rivers such as Mekong, Chaopraya, Irrawady, and South China sea in the case of Vietnam. This migration pattern contributed to the formation of the early kingdoms in the first stage, and to the formation of the current territory of each country until the 19th century. When the main ethnics finished the southward movement in their countries, they started to climb up the hills that they had left behind when they had been busy to move to south. In Vietnam, the Central highland that had been dominated by the various non-Vietnamese ethnics were encroached by the Vietnamese who were standing together with the French. From the second half of the 19th century, the Thai government actively annexed large regions of the different ethnics in the north and east. Especially, the migration of the Thai people to the Korat Plateau can be regarded as an important example of the climbing-up march. Burmans are also active in moving up to the hill areas during the 20th century. The trans-planting is the forced migration of the ethnic minorities by the main ethnic of each country. In Vietnam the main victim was the Cham people; Man was the victim both by Thais and Burmans. During the 19th century, Lao people were forced to move to Korat by the Thai people, and various ethnics in Burmese territory have been the objects for the trans-plantings by the Burman government.
동남아시아 . 남진 . 이주 . 산진 . 이식 . 베트남 . 태국 . 버어마 . 캄보디아 . 라오스 . 디아스포라 . Southeast Asia . southward movement . migration . climbing-up march . trans-plantings . Vietnam . Thailand . Burma . Cambodia . Laos . diaspora.
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