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1991년 몽골 독립과 민족 통합 운동의 초기 과정
The Mongol Independence in 1911 and the Early Stage of Its National Movement for Unity

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  • 초록

    This study is on the early development of the Mongol national movement for unity pursued at the time of its independence in 1911. The first chapter examines that the movement for national unity right after the declaration of independence in 1911 was not an unexpected incident but a deliberate attempt as part of the independent movement. Understanding the independence from the Qing dynasty as the unity of all Mongol tribes, the Inner and Outer Mongol Nobles had closely cooperated each other since the 1890s. They even tried to ask the assistance from Russia to achieve their goals. In addition to Inner and Outer Mongols, Western Mongol participated in the secret meeting at the Mountain Bogd (August, 1911) which made the final decision for the independence. It was also a strategy for national unity that Khasian of Inner Mongol joined the delegations for visiting Russia. The second chapter studies the propaganda the new government initiated for the national unity. Analyzing the L?den of Jetsundamba issued immediately after the declaration, I confirm the Mongol Nobles understands the independence as the national unity. I further study the process the independent movement manifested through the letters from the temporary government at Kh?ee to various Mongol tribes. Despite the ambiguous attitude some Nobles showed, the attempts the new government made for the unity brought the intention from the tribes even in Xinjiang and Qinghai to join the unification. The third chapter studies the inauguration of the new national head, the organization of the cabinet as Five Part, and the war for unifying Khalkha as part of the national movement. The inauguration of Jevtsundamba was considered as the birth of all Mongol rulers equivalent to Chingiz Khaan. The official title of the new ruler, Olnoo ?g?ds? Mongol ulsyn ezen, Shashin t?iig khoslon barigch naran gerelt Bogd Khaan, also signifies the national unity. The appointment of Inner Mongolians to the key positions in the new government further aimed the unity. The analysis of the wars for unifying Khalkha such as Uliastai and Khovd finally shows the procedure, in which the plan for the unity was realized with the independence.


  • 주제어

    1911년 몽골 독립 .   민족 통합 운동 .   독립 운동 .   젭춘담바 .   몽골 왕공 .   할하 .   복드 칸 .   청조 .   The Mongol Independence in 1911 .   National movement for unity .   Independent movement .   Jetsundamba .   Mongol noble .   Khalkha .   Bogd Khaan .   Qing dynasty.  

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