소련과 제2차 항일국공합작
Soviet Union, Commintern and the Second United Front of China against Japan in 1937
Emergence of fascist Japan and German in the 1930s gravely threatened security of Soviet Union from east and west. Therefore, Soviet Union stopped the policy of world revolution with leading role of labor class and planned to establish world United Front with bourgeois class of each country and to confront with fascist Japan and German. The 7th Communist International Congress held in July 1935 at Moscow became the watershed of turnover of Soviet Union policy. Soviet Union continually gave pressure on China Communist Party (CCP) to establish anti-Japanese united front with Kuomintang (KMT) leading role. Deadly crushed Red army after Long March in 1935 and military assistance of German towards KMT government became other reasons to press CCP for establishing United Front with KMT leading role. On the other hand, Soviet Union gave pressure on Kuomintang to form anti-Japanese united front with CCP. Soviet Union promised military assistance to Kuomintang on condition that Kuomintang stop anti-Red army operation and start anti-Japanese military operation with CCP together. Continued endeavor of Soviet Union formed solid foundation for quick establishing KMT-CCP United Front after Sino-Japanese War broke out, and the United Front between KMT and CCP lasted for 8 years of Anti-Japanese War.
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