근대전환기 한국화상의 대중국 무역의 운영방식 - 『同順泰寶號記』의 분석을 중심으로
Sino-Korean Trade of Overseas Chinese Merchant in the modem transition period - the analysis of Tongsuntae-Bohogi 同順泰寶號記, 1907 -
Tongsuntae(同順泰號) was representative Overseas Chinese company in the modern transition period in Korea. This essay investigates Sino-Korean trade in 1907 by analyzing Tongsuntae-Bohogi同順泰寶號記, the collection of shipment documents. Items, values and shipments of trade were examined statistically in this paper and the following conclusion was derived as a result. First, Tongsuntae participated actively the import business from China even after Sino-Japanese War in 1894. But trade partners mainly were limited into ones in China and there was no triangular trade among China, Japan and Korea which was different with trade pattern in the pre-war period. The values of trade diminished sharply that signed the reorientation of Tongsuntae"s business from import trade to domestic investment into Korea. Second, goods from Hongkong, Guangzhou and Zhenjiang were sent to Shanghai at frist and Tongtai(同順泰), most important business partner in Shanghai, consigned the whole goods to Tongsuntae with issuing the shipment documents adding up the accounts. Third, Even if there was no direct regular line between Shanghai and Incheon, available liners for Sino-Korean trade did not decreased because western steamer companies and Japanese steamer companies expanded the services. As the result, frequency of trades in a year also did not show decline. Finally, Chinese markets had various currencies for settlement in 1907. Tongsuntae used Shanghai nine-eight Guiyin上海九八規銀 as the account money, which was most desirable currency for the trade with Shanghai. Besides, overseas Chinese merchants, like Tongsuntae, was very familiar with rate calculation between different currencies and discount practices in business.
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