서하객의 여행기를 통해 본 명ㆍ청교체기 한족 지식인의 서남변경의식
The consciousness of Han"s gentries in Ming-Qing changing era - through the travelling essay of Xu Xiake
Han"s traditional approach toward the minorities were that of ignorance and exclusion. However, Han"s gentries of Ming-Qing era desired to share cultural aspects with the minority of south-western territories after travelling through constructing documents about the minorities. In other words, they delivered Han;s cultures to minority of south-western territories as the leaders of local gentries. Their normal routine was to travel to the territory and, as a result, to record the characteristics of the minorities. Their ultimate purpose was to initiate the exchange of Han"s ideology with minorities" cultural aspects and traditions which may result to conformity of ideals between the minorities and the Han"s. The spread of Han"s ideology was affected by the trend of expedition, the development of printing press, and the pilgrimage of buddhism to the south-western territories. One of the Han"s gentries, Xu Xia Ke, was also faithful to his role as the purveyor of Han"s ideology to the minorities and as the provider of the minorities" culture to the people of Han. His inspirations being his own passion and selflessness, his works had to be perfect in recording the complete details of the minority. In his documents, there are detailed description of geographical features of the land, the minority"s agricultural characteristics, and their posture as well as their opinions. From the detailed documents of Xu Xia Ke, one can fathom that he went through the area to experience and to observe the minority to produce unbiased texts of the minorities: the task that had never been done by other gentries.
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