19세기 유럽인들의 동아시아 인식 - 다섯 여행기 분석을 중심으로
European Perceptions of East-Asia in 19th century: An Analysis of five European Travel Writing
The aim of this paper is to trace a continuous history of european image of East-Asia as an other culture. By analyzing five travel writings in 19th and early 20th century it reveals that the european visitors showed the tendency to admit east-asian culture as an other culture and went so far as to demonstrate their sympathy to the people. But their attitude toward East-Asia was far from objective. There can be no doubt that the european perceptions of East-Asia were all evidently drawn from their own ideas and prejudices about another culture. So in this paper orientalism is treated as a tradition of the european prejudice or prepossession about the non-western world. But the object of this paper is not to describe a continuous history of orientalism as a european prejudice, nor is it to identify a unified and consistent meaning of the notion of the East-Asia in Europe. Five travel writings were analysed on the assumption that each orientalist situation expresses a distinct range of the concerns with differences. What is evident is that the visitors in the early 19th century were comparatively free from the hegemonic ascendancy or the air of superiority prevailing in the era of imperialism. Further, the sexual differences is conducive to the heterogeneity of their perceptions of other culture. Even so, we can find the persistent moment of orientalism in the viewpoint taken by the european visitors. Ultimately they failed in avoiding completely the position as europeans. To be sure, their viewpoint was not filled with the european unilateral will of power. Nevertheless, their attitude toward the East-Asia was quite contradictory. Behind their acceptance with the east-asian culture as oneself they did not abandon the impression that the East-Asia was regressive. Though they tried to keep distance with the politics, they were not reluctant to reveal the pride in the modern european culture. So it is safe to say that their viewpoint of East-Asia was basically eurocentric.
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