里耶秦簡을 통해서 본 秦의 戶籍制度 - 商鞅變法ㆍ同居ㆍ室ㆍ戶에 대한 再論
The household registration system of Qin from the analysis of unearthed bamboo slips of Liya: A Re-examination of ShangYangBianFa(商鞅變法), Tongju(同居), Shi,(室) and Hu(戶)
From the analysis of “the slips of household registration system (戶籍簡)” by Liya(里耶), based on the concept of Hu(戶), Tongju(同居) and Shi(室) through Shang Yang(商鞅)'s the law of family system, I speculated the significant point at issue of “The history of Qin―Han”. These following phrases are my personal opinion that have been summarized from the speculation on “the slips of household registration system by Liya”, the most significant facts can be summarized in two ways. The first is that altough “simple family household(單婚核家族)”, in the form of family was universal, it was found out that the form of “extended family household(擴大家族)” has existed and this was not contradictive to the regulation from “the legal text of year 2, newly unearthed at Zhangjia-shan(張家山漢簡二年律令)” and The Sui Hudi Qin Bamboo(睡虎地秦簡). Furthermore, “Hu” which consists of more than dual core household from the “simple family household” cannot be understood as “Hu”. For that case of the “extended family household” that “Shi” is connotated by the internal part of “Tongju”, I thought that nation should not refer “Shi” to “Hu” from the simple family household. “The slips of household registration system(戶籍簡)” by L“iya(里耶)” clearly grasps the labour power in the unit of “Shi(室)” and the following fact is not contradictive to the regulation from “the legal text of year 2”, “newly unearthed at Zhangjia-shan” I think that both simple family household or the “Tongju family(同居家族)” had the unit of Shi(室) to grasp the power of labor they had. Therefore, the concept of shi of “simple family household(單婚核家族)” and shi(室) of the Tongju(同居) family are the same. If there is a only difference on those two is that shi(室) of the Tongju(同居) had a written paper of family registration. The law of family of ShangYangBianFa(商鞅變法) said that if a person become a certain age, they had to have their own household. I thought the government just did this to take tax twice from a family. However, making another household was not about getting a tax twice form a family because I found out that if those family live together in a house, the government only took tax of a family.
리야진간 . 수호지진간 . 이년율령 . 호 . 동거 . 분가 . 실 . 분이령 . 리야호적간 . 里耶秦简 . 睡虎地秦简 . 二年律令 . 戶 . 同居 . 分家 . 室 . 分异令 . 里耶户籍简 . unearthed bamboo slips of Liya . The Sui HuDi Qin Bamboo . The legal text of year 2 . newly unearthed at Zhangjia-shan . Hu . Tongju . Branch family . Shi . The law of Family system . The slips of household registration system in Liya.
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