王安石에 있어서의 道와 字
Dao and Characters in Wang Anshi"s Learning
This paper examines Wang Anshi"s idea of Dao in the broader context of the 11th century intellectual ambience in which the pursuit of one universal principle applicable to everything pervaded. I attempt to explain Wang"s philological studies in relation to his pursuit of the universal principle. Wang"s learning aimed to deal with the question, “how to learn” or “how to know sage"s original intention.” Wang"s answer to the question was embodied in his classical studies, which he proposed as the foundation of the unity of morality and customs. Wang focused on the way to learn the coherence of the classics and right reasoning process. He believed that we can find the way to unify the method of reasoning. His idiosyncratic philological studies provided the base for the method. Wang"s thought and learning reveals the transitional nature in the pursuit of universal principle starting with the mid Tang period and culminating in the Daoxue movement in the Southern Song period. Wang"s learning shares many similar assumptions and problematics with Daoxue, especially at its “meta” level of knowledge structure. However unlike Daoxue Wang"s learning failed to systemize and theorize the universal principle. In addition, fundamentally they cannot be compatible both in intellectual and political terms. The close study of Wang"s learning also contribute to the exploration of new ways to understand intellectual history of East Asia, based on the continuity and transformations of certain important cultural and intellectual elements such as Chinese characters, philological studies, and classical studies, recurrent in the later periods.
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