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전근대 베트남人의 歷史認識 - 黎文体와 吳士連을 중심으로
The Vietnamese Perception of their own History in the Premodern Period, especially That of Le Van Huu and Ngo Si Lien

劉仁善  
  • 초록

    What was the Vietnamese perception of their own history in premodern times? This study is an effort to shed some light on this question on which few studies have been done so far. The study especially focuses on that of Le Van Huu and Ngo Si Lien who are the two of the most well-known historians in traditional Vietnam. Le Van Huu is the compiler of the Dai Viet Su Ky in 1272 which covers the period from Trieu Da"s reign in the third century B.C. to the end of the Ly dynasty(1009-1225). Ngo Si Lien compiled the Dai Viet Su Ky Toan Thu in 1479 which was the revised and enlarged edition of Le Van Huu"s Dai Viet Su Ky. Ngo Si Lien"s book covers the period from the very beginning of Vietnamese history to the end of the Tran dynasty(1225-1400). What the two historians attract my attention is their comments on the historical persons and events which are intended to teach the lessons of the past in order to instruct the people, especially the rulers and those in the ruling class, living in the present and future. Le Van Huu and Ngo Si Lien have the different perception of history mainly because they lived in the different period of times. When Le Van Huu compiled his book, the Tran dynasty was facing the possible invasion of the Mongols. Therefore, he was more concerned with the national security than any thing else. Under these circumstances, he was interested in the persons who kept Vietnam independent from the Chinese invasion and its stance equal to China. This is why he highly praised those persons, such as Trieu Da and Dinh Bo Linh. As an Confucian scholar, he was also opposed to the influence of Buddhism on the royal courts. However, he did not mention his opposition to it directly. The reason seems to be that Buddhism was prevalent throughout the Tran dynasty. Unlike Le Van Huu, Ngo Si Lien"s main concern was with the spread of the Confucian classical wisdom like "righteous duty", "humaneness", "husband wife relationship", etc. The reason is that he compiled his book under the rule of Le Thanh Tong who, more than any monarch before him, stressed the importance of Confucianism. Therefore, he condemned Dinh Bo Linh" s practice of polygamy, and Le Hoans making himself emperor, dethroning Dinh Bo Linhs son. He also criticised the Tran emperors" protecting Buddhism. On the other hand, he showed an interest in keeping national independence. It is because he worried the reinvasion of China in the future if the Le dynasty would get weak. To sum up, Le Van Huu is more concerned with Vietnamese equality to China than the spread of Confucianism. In contrast with Le Van Huu, Ngo Si Lien is more interested in the spread of the Confucian ideology than the Vietnamese independence from China.


  • 주제어

    大越史記 .   大越史記全書 .   黎文休 .   吳士連 .   儒敎 .   中國觀.  

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