浮梁에서 橋梁으로 - 宋代 江南의 橋梁建設과 景觀變化의 一面
From the floating to the bridge -Bridge construction and a aspect of scene conversion in Jiang-nan in the Sung Dynasty-
On this thesis, we can see that the bridge construction were promoted actively in Jian-nan area in the Sung Dynasty. On the historical materials, I confirmed that especially in the Southern Sung Dynasty had concentrated on the bridge construction, In case of the Tang and Sung Dynasty, central government was concerned about only the bridges which were near a capital city or a point of strategic importance. And in the Northern Sung Dynasty that was abundant of local finances didn"t construct bridges particularly but rather than in the Southern Sung Dynasty that was poor of local finances increased the number of bridges. On the historical materials, the supervisor of the bridge construction was a local official but actually residents of the very place with local gentry as the central figure played an important role. They participated in the bridge construction with the conscious of the 'Yi(義)' and the 'Gong(公)' from a position of a social welfare. There were some bridges named accompanied with “Yi” letter in the Sung Dynasty. These are the same system of veins with 'Yi-chang(義倉)', 'Yi-tien(義田)', 'Yi-yi(義役)', 'Yi-zhuang(義莊)', 'Yi-chuan(義船)', 'Yi-jing(義井)' which were frequently appeared in the Southern Sung Dynasty. In the Southern Sung Dynasty, like this provincial bridge construction is not only growth of population and accumulation of wealth but consequence of new values from the 'Gong' and 'Yi'. In addition bridges of the Sung Dynasty considered convenience at the same time the side of beauty strongly. For example there were arch bridges which made ships come in and go out, and bridges which furnished a pavilion and put on roofs for walker"s convenience. And the change that from a board bridge or a wooden bridge to a stone bridge was built a little longer permanent purpose. The symbolical process of this change from the floating to the bridge pursuit an ideal of the times that was proposed by new Confucianists and on the other hand the result of the unison of the officials and private which was well-matched with a social fluctuation and the change of a scene at that time.
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