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模型의 帝國 - 1935年 臺灣博覽會에 表象된 아시아
Miniature of Japan Empire on Taiwan Expo at 1935

河世鳳  
  • 초록

    The Taiwan Expo on October 10, 1935 was not much different from todays big events as well as very modernistic. The Exposition included many local pavilions such as Tokyo pavilion(東京館), Osaka pavilion(大阪館) and Cho-sun pavilion (朝鮮館). The Taiwan pavilion (臺灣館) was located in remote place during the 5th Osaka National Industrial Exposition(第五會勸業博覽會, 1903) It implies Taiwan"s position as the first colony of Japan. Afterward the Colony pavilions came to be a sort of Japanese Expositions requisite to satisfy Japanese exotic taste and were means of making colonists identity with people of the empire. A number of pavilions for Japanese cities, which were built in colony expositions reflected the trade of labor and material between Japan and host country and the strict demarcation between the colonies pavilions and Japanese had disappeared in colony expositions. There was no Japanese city pavilion in Taiwan Product Exhibition (臺灣共進會) in 1916, what matters for Taiwanese is not any local area but Japan itself as motherland at that time. However, Every Japanese city pavilion was established in Taiwan Expo 20 years later. Which means that Tai wan had progressed in Japanization and then industrialized regions had pursued to expand their markets to the low-industrialized. The findings derived from the city pavilions in Taiwan Expo is that the main industrialized cities represented Japan by the equation, Japan = modern civilization. Thc east-north region was, so to speak, not included in japanese modern civilization. Osaka and Tokyo were called as The oriental leading city of commerce and industry and the spearhead of culture. That caused reaction of Taiwanese intellectuals. While Kyoto and Nara pavilion displayed the tradition, which premised the existence of Tokyo and Osaka pavilions symbolizing the modern civilization. There mayor may not be a distinction between regions images desired to show and to sec. The former was Manchuria pavilion(滿洲館) and the later was Cho-sun pavilion(朝鮮館) in Taiwan Expo. The distinction was decided by the economic factors. What Taiwanese wanted to find about Cho-sun is not the administrative work of Cho-sun colonial governor(朝鮮總督府) or the attractive sites but the real situation of media, the autonomy issue and peoples cultural activities. The South Area pavilion(南方館) had different regional images according to the host. That it is not found in other expositions, confirmed the position of Taiwan in Japan Empire as The strongpoint for expansion to the South China and South-East Asia. Fujian pavilion(福建館) in the South Area pavilion implies that there were interchanges between local governments when the international conflict was severe. The exotic South Area pavilion contrasted Taiwan as modern and South-East Asia as tradition. To represent modern Taiwan was where Taiwanese Orientalism emerged.


  • 주제어

    제국 .   아시아 .   근대성 .   전통 .   지역주의 .   오리엔탈리즘 .   지역복합.  

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