러일전쟁 이후 일본의 한국식민론과 식민주의적 문명론
Japan"s Colonial Discourse on Korea and the Colonialistic Turn of the Notion of Civilization
Japan succeeded in consolidating the ground for the colonial rule of Korea by obtaining it as its Protectorate after the victory in the Russo-Japanese War. However, even then, Japan continued to embellish its intention toward Korea as to assist the advancement of civilization. This article examined the changes in the way Japan perceived Korea with Japan"s de facto colonization of Korea after the war. The changes in Japan"s discourse on Korea in the aftermath of the Russo-Japanese War can be summarized into two points. The first is the appearance of the discourse on the colonial rule over Korea. Although Japan had developed a variety of colonial discourse since the 1890s, it was only after the Russo-Japanese War that it considered Korea in terms of colonization. Many in Japan argued that Korea had already become its colony and poured their attentions to such issues as Korea"s place III Japanese colonial empire and the specificities of colonial rule. In short, Japan fixated Korea as its colony not only in political terms but also in the realm of public discourses. The second point is that Japanese version of popular colonialism was borne out of the mixture of Japan"s claim of its leadership in Korea"s advancement of civilization and the realities of Korea"s colonization. Since the opening of Korea in 1876, Japan had emphasized Korea"s need for the advancement of civilization as the chief ground for its interference. By the time of the Russo-Japanese War, Japan argued that Korea was innately lack of independent progress. Many in Japan urged its people to actively involve themselves for the sake of Korea"s civilization. It was argued that any involvement by ordinary Japanese were to contribute to the welfare of colonial Korea. The colonial rule of Korea became the obligation not only of those in the government but of the Japanese in general. In short, Japan"s discourse on Korea after the Russo-Japanese War began to give birth to popular colonialism in Japan.
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