兩漢 이후 皇帝短喪制의 확립과 官人三年服喪의 入律
A Study on the Short-term Mourning for the Deceased Emperor and the Third-year Memorial Service for the Parents of the Government Officials
The emperor Wen-di in Han dynasty made a will that people should wear a short term mourning for himself. Most kings, since then, followed the principle of short term of mourning. There were many reformations in rites system in ancient times but that principle was unchanged. On the other hand government officials first wore a short term mourning for parents like their king, but they should be in mourning for three years in 3th century, when the Confucian values and morals had been filtering into the hearts of people. Wu-di of Jin dynasty allowed all the high and low government officials to wear mourning for three years. The institutional establishment of that rites system, however, meant that the government officials was placed under restraint because it prohibited by law their being in government service for period of mourning. Many of officials made a petition their king to re-appoint themselves for government service in the period of mourning. Finally, the third year memorial service for parents which had functioned as the cultural indication of the gentry, became the fetters to restrict the political participation of them. That system also could offered the king a means of control over his officials. While officials was chained to the old rites system, the kings in ancient times freed themselves from the common rites system of third year memorial services and went composedly along the line of short term mourning.
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