走馬樓吳簡 倉庫의 物資管理體系
The Administration System of Physical Distribution in "Zoumalouwujian"(走馬樓吳簡)
By grasping the resource account and delivery of warehouse in "Zoumalouwujian" which is excavated from "zhang sha"(長沙), it was possible to investigate the way resources are efficiently managed at several warehouses in one area. With an analysis of "Zoumalouwujian" document type, the existence of reporting route and document administration was revealed which is divided with the resource account and delivery. As it is shown in resource delivery route, a large amount of "미" was delivered by "san zhou" warehouse(三州倉) and "zhou zhong" warehouse(州中倉), and it supplied an regional expenses. Separately, the delivery route to "jun" warehouse(郡倉) and "du wei"(都尉) was found that "ku" warehouse(庫) was intervened. "Zheng kou" warehouse(烝口倉), "yun kou" warehouse(員口倉), "wu chang" warehouse(吳昌倉) and "zhong an" warehouse(重安倉) which are verified in "Zoumalouwujian" are warehouses established in "zhang sha" at that time. In addition, there were "san zhou" warehouse, "zhou zhong" warehouse, "ku" warehouse, "jun" warehouse in "lin xiang"(臨湘), the largest of "zhang sha". Resource account and delivery are deeply showed in the resource flow of "lin xiang", like "san zhou" warehouse, "zhou zhong" warehouse, "ku" warehouse. Resource account and delivery have the type of "guan"(關) and "fu"(付). "Guan" has more possibility as an administrational process that report the incomings than delivery route. There is an example that "guan" means a report in documents and a bamboo silk. In addition, when you check the order record of resource delivery, you can find that "guan" is not a real route of resource delivery, but a reporting route of resource delivery. Based on resource collections of the people, resources are delivered from one warehouse to another warehouse. And this delivery route shows regular courses. "San zhou" warehouse takes resources from "yun kou" warehouse which is in the border of "lin xiang", and sends resources to "ku" warehouse. "Zhou zhong" warehouse sends resources only to the military organizations. Separately, there were delivery routes which "ku" warehouse intervenes. In conclusion, warehouses in "lin xiang" are plural delivery system which have regular courses. It is applicable to a military management of the period of the Three States. However it can also be a representative example that shows the management of several warehouses in one region.
주마루오간 . 창고 . 물자 관리 . 창리ㆍ고리 . 수송 경로 . 문서 행정 . 走马楼吴简 . 仓库 . 物资管理 . 仓吏ㆍ库吏 . 输送经路 . 文书行政 . Zoumalouwujian . Warehouse . Resource management . A government official of warehouse . Delivery route . Document Administration.
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