모리슨의 『비러비드』: 공동체의 결속
Morrison's Beloved: A Solidarity of Community
Morrison proposes in Beloved a solidarity of community as the only viable solution possible for the African American in the white-dominated American society. Beloved historicizes the personal. In doing so, it emphasizes the role of personal and communal action in building a home for African American community. The novel illustrates what is involved in reconstructing family, home, individual autonomy, and community wholeness. Morrison offers the solution that has remained unspoken in her previous novels: to overcome the past, to escape the cycles of violence set up within their own communities by slavery, communities must rely on their unity and strength as communities. The history of racism in the United States makes it imperative for black Americans to resist racial oppression through collective acts of affirmation, empowerment, and resistance. For Morrison, the sites for such acts are the family and community. The concept of family that Morrison reconstructs in Beloved transcends the biological. Rooted in the laborious exercise of agency, commitment, and reciprocal nurturing, the African family posited here delivers a message about African America today. Thus suggested, the family can provide the basis for communal solidarity and action. The communal solidarity performs as an aspect of solution for Sethe's physical and psychic survival, both of which are at stake. Like the family, the community in Beloved is revised toward an inclusiveness and reciprocity enabled by working through the shadow of an oppressive and violent past. This emphasis on social responsibility, the unselfish devotion of Africans helping other Africans, makes Beloved Morrison's most conscious novel. Therefore I conclude that communal solidarity is the only practical way to alleviate the oppression African people have been experiencing.
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