광기 다시 읽기 - 「노란 벽지」에 나타난 훈육과 저항
Rereading Madness: Discipline and Resistance in “The Yellow Wallpaper”
Most critics read “The Yellow Wallpaper” as a simple story of a woman driven mad by her virtual imprisonment. This article takes issue with the simplistic reading of the story as an autobiographical account of Gilman's experience of madness. Here medical gaze disciplines the heroine through surveillance; this constant surveillance results in her paranoia. Discipline and surveillance also reinforces the Victorian viewpoint about the inferiority of women. The protagonist's behavior is entirely dictated by the rules of her all-knowing husband/doctor. Her superficial adaptation affirms her resignation to the limitations of traditional feminine role. On the other hand her madness represents resistance to the oppressive gender ideology. In objectifying herself as one of imaginary women in the yellow wallpaper the heroine can be freed from the physical and spiritual imprisonment. The fact that her husband faints at the end establishes the dramatic power of her new freedom. In the final scene madness becomes a kind of transcendent sanity.
원문복사신청을 하시면, 일부 해외 인쇄학술지의 경우 외국학술지지원센터(FRIC)에서
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