에이드리엔 리치의 레즈비언/페미니스트 시와 시학
Adrienne Rich's Lesbian/Feminist Poetry and Poetics
Since her first collection of poetry, A Change of World (1951), appeared, Adrienne Rich has been a major and influential figure in the literary world. As a poet, feminist thinker, and political activist, she has been not only providing some of the best-written poetry of recent times, but also has written some of the most scholarly books of feminist criticism, such as Of Woman Born: Motherhood as Experience and Institution (1976) and On Lies, Secrets and Silence (1979). Her essays provide an important context for her poems. Rich's style and subject matter have undergone significant changes. From the 1970s, Rich began to identify herself as a radical feminist and develop a distinctively woman's voice. Rich also became aware of the need for a poetic language to explore and rename the unique experiences of women hitherto silenced or unrepresented in literature. So she attempted to shape a language capable of articulating the maternal and feminine experience. Feminist scholars responded in various ways to Rich's controversial essay “Compulsory Heterosexuality and Lesbian Existence” (1980), but it has become a cornerstone of feminist and lesbian theorizing. She not only offered a critical analysis of heterosexuality, but reconceptualized lesbian love as natural and normal. Now a politically active lesbian, Rich has accordingly narrowed her poetic perspective to accommodate that position. Rich is both controversial and celebrated for her activism, and developed into not only one of the most widely read but also the most widely resisted woman poets of the century.
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