소음만이 가득한 사회에서': 마저리 켐프와 바쓰댁을 통해본 중세 여성의 외침소리
In a Society Full of 'Sound and Fury': Medieval Women's Voice through Margery Kempe and The Wife of Bath
H??a Cixous argues that it is "a daring feat" and "a great transgression" for any woman "to speak ... in public." It means that it is very hard for any woman to speak her own thought in public. Women in fifteenth century England were marginal ones and, for the most part, bound to the home. Men were the usual participants in public and community life and women"s genuine voice was hardly heard. Thus, any woman who appeared in public to relate her point of view became the object of ridicule and scorn, and was regarded annoying. In this sense, Margery Kempe and the Wife of Bath seemed to be "over-powerful women," or "monstrous beings," who defied the force of social expectation. Margery Kempe and the Wife of Bath are women "preachers," religiously and socially, in the medieval English society, where the Church dictated everything, from religious to secular matters. The Church maintained its power by suppressing any kind of rebellious attempt against its authority. However, the system of constraints upon their speech and action shape their rebellion. They, as women, preach and gloss the scripture in public, going directly against the doctrine that women should not preach. Although they seem to fail to subvert "the immutable bastion" of patriarchy, they highlight the special oppression of women through their struggles over identity. Their "voice" could not be heard, like Troy"s Cassandra, in a society full of "sound and fury" at their time. However, Margery Kempe and the Wife of Bath appear to modern readers as true "women fighters," who have pursued their self-identity and independence in a harsh environment against women.
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