위반의 미학 : 토니 모리슨의 아동 문학과 브리콜라주 복원
The Aesthetic of Transgression: Restoring the Bricolage in Toni Morrison's Children's Literature
Morrison's four children's books feature the aesthetic of transgression. With a critical blindness to any racial issues, Morrison's book does not follow the conventions of children's literature: the format of binary opposition and a clear didactic message. In her books, rigid oppositions intersect and interact, so that conventional modes of theme and form are renewed. However, this carnival-like nature is not entirely compatible with the simplicity and concreteness necessary for the transmission of a simple and clear message, which many would say is a primary requirement for children's literature. This leads me to question who the implied reader actually is and why Morrison's used such narrative devices. In my opinion, these works are not so much for children as for adults. They are meant to restore the bricolage, which Claude Levi-Strauss defines as the capacity of the totemic reconciliation to equate the oppositions. With the aesthetic transgression, Morrison intends to restore the bricolage to equate nature with society, self with the other, and black with white. In this way, she makes a path to a harmonious relationship with the world and also leads her adult audience to the same experience in her children's literature.
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