바이런과 이슬람 : 『자우르, 터키 이야기 단편』의 정치적 알레고리 읽기
Byron and Islam: Reading Political Allegory in The Giaour, a Fragment of a Turkish Tale
This paper aims to read political allegory in The Giaour, A Fragment of A Turkish Tale. It is a love story, appearing to have nothing directly to do with Greek independence and contemporary European history. The 'Giaour' of the title (the word means foreigner or infidel) tries to save his mistress, Leila, a slave in Hassan's harem from being tied in a sack and thrown into the sea as a ritualistic, socially-approved punishment for her adultery according to the mandates of Islam. The murderous hatred of Hassan and the Giaour for each other results in the death of Leila, but the allegory makes it clear that she is an object, the land they dispute over, for both Hassan and the Giaour are mesmerized by Leila's beauty. We can equate the three main characters as follow: Leila, who is from Circassia, now under Turkey, represents Greece and a seeking of freedom; Hassan represents Islam, tyranny and Turkey oppressing Greece; the Giaour who is a liberator of Lelia represents Christian Europe. Through the characters political allegory is constructed and maintained in the poem. Thus, the allegory represented in The Giaour is political because this pattern was seen in contemporary European history.
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