영어 부정 도치문의 역사적 연속성
Historical Continuity of Negative Inversion in English
The purpose of this paper is to explore whether or not negative inversion in English is historically continuous. Fischer (1992) claims that negative inversion disappeared at one time in the Middle English (ME) period and the inversion rule afterwards is a renewed grammaticalization. Nevalainen (1997) argues that negators have a broken history of V-2 but the rule is revived in Early Modern English. This paper argues that the sentence-initial negator ne used in Old English (OE) and ME is not the same grammatical category as the Modern English (ModE) fronted negators, and thus ne-initial sentences should not be considered in comparison with ModE negative inversion. It is examined whether there is a genuine occurrence of negative inversion in OE and/or in ME. The examination shows that such a construction did occur in both OE and ME, and it is thus concluded, contra Fischer (1992) and Nevalainen (1997), that negative inversion is historically continuous.
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