근대 영국소설에 나타난 진화론적 자연관 : 조지 엘리엇과 토마스 하아디 문학의 비교
Evolutional View of Life in Modern British Novels: A Comparative Study of George Eliot"s and Thomas Hardy"s Literature
Charles Darwin"s theory of evolution is based on the acception of natural selection as a principle of successive development occurring in the long history of various forms of life. It devastated the Christian view of man as a blessed existence divinely differentiated from animals. George Eliot obtained positivistic view of the human history from the theory of evolution, but her belief in cultural improvement preferred Lamarckian assumption of the inheritance of acquired characteristics rather than Darwinism. Thomas Hardy"s literary thought is based on the Darwinian belief that human existence is no more than a variation of endless lief-forms going through upward development. But Hardy"s view of human beings seems to be much more sentimental and self-derisive than Darwin"s, which seems to keep composed and aloof from amoral or inhuman forces of nature.
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