실성한 오필리어의 노래와 죽음의 상징성 연구
Symbolism on Mad Ophelia's Song and Death
Among major sources of Hamlet are Saxo Grammticus' Historiae Danicae, Belleforest's Histoires Tragiques and the Ur-Hamlet written by an anonymous author. In the first work, a beautiful woman who got along with Amleth since his childhood assumes the trace of Ophelia. But instructed to seduce him, she warns him of the trap so he can avoid it. In the second, Belleforest's description of the seductive woman goes almost in the same way. Lastly, the Ur-Hamlet sprouts the characters of Polonius's family including Laertes and Ophelia. What is more important is that the author genuinely invented the madness and death of Ophelia. In neither of the two preceding sources were madness, song and drowning of Ophelia. Shakespeare followed the footsteps of the basic frame of the Ur-Hamlet. It is, however, assumed that with his unbeatable imagination Shakespeare created both dramatically intense conflict between Hamlet and Ophelia; and the heart-breaking depiction of her madness, song and suicide. This paper aims to analyze Shakespeare's embroidery of symbolism on madness, song and death of Ophelia, which reveals her unconscious desire for forgetting Hamlet and remembering Polonius. The symbolic study on Ophelia's song and death, I believe, makes it possible to correct the marginality of Ophelia as a minor figure and put her up front back.
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