김영랑 초기시의 율격과 형태 - 『영랑시집』을 중심으로
The Metrics and Form in Young-rang Kim"s Early Poems
The early poems of Young-rang Kim in the Collection of Poems of Young-rang express delicate lyrical emotion in the rhythmical language. The poems have only serial numbers instead of titles because of poet"s strong tendency to the extreme pure poetry. The quatrain is the dominant form of the poems in the book. But it differs from the Chinese poems which have introduction, development, turn and conclusion in composition and makes couplers in the first or last t재 lines of the quatrain. We can find only continual tonal stream instead of the strict prosody of the Chinese quatrain in the poems of Young-rang Kim. He thought such free verse was the best form to express the poet"s softly floating sentiment. The tetra-metre is dominant metrical device adopted in the poems. Young-rang Kim intended to introduce colloquial, prose rhythm in his poems by adopting this metre. But he made efforts to avoid formal and metrical strictness and stability of this metrical scheme. We can find variations and exceptions in the style of his poems, which have aesthetic effects in a natural prose rhythm. Furthermore, some poems like "Until the Peony Blossoms" have metrical dualism. Some lines in this poem could be recited by tri-metre and tetra-metre at the same time, though the basic metrical device of this poem is tetra-metre. We can feel in this poem the natural rhythm of free verse close to that of prose style in the everyday language and it is the excellency of his style.
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