1930년대 시어, 인공어와 자연어의 구도 - 백석 시어의 근대적 특성을 중심으로
Relationship between artificial words and natural words
The aim of this dissertion is to reveal the meaning and effect of BaekSeok"s words in the relationship between artificial words and natural words during late 30s" Korean poetry. Assuming that 30s" words are understanded as two domains of artificial words and natural words, Lee Sang and Kim Kirim"s words should be located on one side, BaekSeok"s words on the other side, and Jeong Jiyong and Kim Yeongrang"s words on middle of the two sides. While artificial words of Lee Sang and Kim Kirim could be considered as mere conceptual language without concrete object, BaekSeok"s natural words could be an opposite of them. Words of Jeong Jiyong and Kim Yeongrang loses their naturality and nearly function as artificial words while "polishing" the words. Jeong Jiyong finds his words not from the traditional language itself, but through assembling the traditional language with his own sense. Words of Kim Yeongrang goes through "polishing" process for phonetically elegant and light feeling. BaekSeok discovers the beauty of natural language itself. BaekSeok does not try to lighten the weight of the reality with elegant words, or order the reality with modern conceptual words. He refuses easiness of elegant words, and evades strangeness of conceptual words to discover beauty of language from natural words. His esthetic should be considered independent. Independent consciousness implies recognizing the circumstances as itself. Therefore discovering and choosing the natural language itself should be considered independent also. While Lee Sang and Kim Kirim showed their modern awareness by ordering reality with conceptual words, BaekSeok discovered the strength of natural language hidden under the humble reality and switched them over to the modernity by positioning them at the place of poetic words. BaekSeok noticed the effect of placing a word at the place of poetic words. It is not important that BaekSeok used natural words in his works, but that how freshly and modernly he used his words. It is easy to pose a modern attitude like Kim Kirim or Lee Sang, choosing modern object, phenomenon and words in writing a poem. But it is never easy to observe and recognize the modernity, thus show the modern viewpoint by choosing natural words from the observation. While Jeong Jiyong concentrated in polishing the traditional words with his own esthetic, BaekSeok discovered the words ordering the traditional words with usual awareness. BaekSeok aimed the mental height without distinction between beauty and ugliness, visible and invisible, pure and impure. Thus BaekSeok"s sensitivity can accept the most rough things within his consciousness.
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