現代詩史 記述方法 考察
A Study on the Method of Describing the History of the Korean Modern Poems
This article studied the describing point of view of the history of the published korean modern poems. At the end of late 1950s, the history of Korean modern poems had its own field out of the History of Korean literature or History of Korean modern literature. As the History of Korean literature or History of Korean modern literature showed the trend of the society, the history of the poem also showed the same trend at that time. But there wes a movement to add to the special history of the poem such as 'the history of the philosophy', 'national poem' and 'labor poem', which gave the possibility of totally organized history of the poem. But the problem was that it was still involved in the boundary of political and social categories. According to the Robert E. Spiller, the type of the history of the literature can largely be divided into three. The first is the flat type of chronological history of the literature. The second is the history of literature adopting the advanced concept to overcome the problem that the chronological history of the literature can not show the correlation which is pointed as a defect of chronological history of the literature. Through this point of view, we are able to know that the development of the literature is being formed, developed, and progressed by considering the correlation between part and part or between part and the all. Finally, there is a history of the literature focused on the basic concept that the history of the literature should be not only the literature itself, but also history. This point of view can have the wide range of describing method and point of view because it is based on the history of literature which has the super―spatiotemporal feature as a literature, and also has the spatiotemporal feature as a history. Considering these types of history of literature, the thing that we should reconsider when we describe the history of the poem is that we still have the chronological method as a flat history of literature. As Spiller, of course, point out, this is a basic and core work to describe the history of literature. But describing the history of literature based on the achievement of these basic works should be reconsidered including the method of dividing the terms by 10 years. Furthermore, when describing the history of the poem, the various points of view, needed to intend to the history of literature as a history itself as well as literature, will be inquired. Among the achievements in the field of history of literature, the approaches of forms and the history of philosophy are those which shows the variety of the history of literature. Through these types of research, I hope the history of literature which has the total methodology as well as the various points of view should be developed.
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