시적 상징의 형이상성 연구
Metaphysical Symbol in Poetry
For More developed understanding of poetic symbol, there aries a need to classify it into specified criteria. As an illumination on the meaning of existence, symbol is an explanation of the nature of universe and reality into other thing. In this process, it can be divided into two patterns of direct(physical) one and indirect (metaphysical) one in view of the valuation based on relativism and agnosticism respectively. The direct symbol is a kind of metaphor which compares what can be perceived by experience into the concrete things perceivable by senses without any abstract ideas. While the indirect symbol expresses the essential reality that cannot be perceived by experiences through experienced perception and senses. In other words, the former is a rhetorical technique developed in the space of human language of time and space, and the latter is an approach to the supernatural, apocalyptic, metaphysical reality through the similar human language. For example, the conception of god in all religion is an indirect symbol, and the metaphor such as “My heart is a lake” is a direct symbol.
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