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한국 현대시의 종결 구조 연구 - 정지용ㆍ백석ㆍ이용악 시를 중심으로
A Study on End Structure of Korean Contemporary Poetry - Focused on Poems by Jeong, Ji-Yong, Baek, Suk, and Lee, Yong-Ak

윤의섭  
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    This study reviewed end structure of poetry focused on poems by Jeong, Ji-Yong, Baek, Suk, and Lee, Yong-Ak. End structure indicates the structure shown in the way of ending a poem. This paper divided the end structure of poetry into formal type according to relationship between the world and a self, and a type according to cognitive method of an end. Formal type according to relationship between the world and a self is also divided into regressive end structure and extensive end structure. Type according to cognitive method of an end is divided into subject-oriented end structure and object-oriented end structure. Subject-oriented end structure is characterized by use of vocabulary that is more direct and carries more poetic significance, or presenting different structure from overall structure using emphasis and repetition. Object-oriented end structure recognizes an end as an object with cognitive potential, plans and reflects the present of the subject. This paper presents the significance of the ending in poetry associating with time structure, and relationship between ending part and horizontal structure. At the end of a poem, poetic time is created. A point where poetic time is created starts from where a sign for ending appears. The part where this sign appears can be called a preparation stage for ending. A preparation stage for ending is a basic structure in a poem that distinguishes ending part from the part before. The end of a poem is the last and the first stage at same time, that forms horizontal structure of the poem. Therefore, ending is where metaphor is formed as poetic significance and intention are finalized and transferred to readers" cognitive will. In such case, time of poetry identified with poetic self corresponds to readers" experience, therefore the poem is reconstructed and internalized.


  • 주제어

    종결 구조 .   종결 구조의 유형 .   회귀적 .   확장적 .   주체 지향 .   타자 지향 .   통합축 .   계열축 .   종결 예비 단계 .   지평 구조 .   end structure .   type of end structure .   regressive .   extensive .   subject-oriented .   object-oriented .   syntax axis .   systematic axis .   preparation stage for ending .   horizontal structure.  

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