『님의 침묵』에 나타난 기독교적 상징과 성서적 구조 - 『신약성서』와 『아가(雅歌)』를 중심으로
Christian Symbol and Biblical Structure on 『Love Silence』 - Focusing on the New Testament and Song of Songs
『Love Silence』(님의 침묵) has multi-vocal implicatures more than another poetical works. This thesis investigates Biblical structure on Manhae Han Yong-won"s 『Love Silence』 as one of multi-vocal interpretations. And then it intends to compare contents and structures of 『Love Silence』with Song of Songs which is one chapter of Christian Bible. Manhae didn"t only dip into the works of Buddhism, but also various and wide thought, and he was also interested in Occidental philosophy and Occidental religions. It reveals on all sides of his works. He mentioned, "everything, which is the most magnificent philosophies in all ages and countries, can be explanatory notes of Buddhist scriptures." So Manhae extensively discussed Occidental philosophy and Buddhism in 『Joseon Buddhist Theism』, and he treated Christianity in 『Religions of Modern America』, 『Buddhist Meditation and Life』etc. Established researchers have made comparative studies of Han Yong-won with Devendranath Tagore and Walter Whitman. We have to pay attention to Christian influence which penetrates these poets" spirits to transcend the East and the West. There are a lot of Christian Symbols in 『Love Silence』: "a lost lamb", "heaven", "the palace of heaven", "hell", "love in heaven", "a watchman and a lamp", "the imperial crown", "devil", "wine", "confession", "baptism by a holy angel" etc. This thesis examines poems which reveal Christian Symbols, and especially investigates 「The Glorification」 with imagines of heaven. He expressed the glorification for 'Love'(님), the confession for "Love"s nature, and his desire to "Love" as a prayer in 「The Glorification」. 『Love Silence』is composed of 88 poems and constructs one story through each poems. It brings up the image of Song of Songs which accomplishes a poem sequence of strong love. There is another similarity in which "Love" can be interpreted variously between 『Love Silence』 and Song of Songs; "Love" can be a subject of love, god, and a nation. It is a sensual expression of love. Also it has an identical context in the end. It conclude by giving readers advance notice of a fateful encounter with Love, even if Love isn"t there. This thesis doesn"t deny that Han Yong-won"s works are under the influence of Buddhism, but intends to enlarge range of understanding about his poems through looking into Christian effect as the internalized others.
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