백석 시에 나타난 자아와 대상의 관계
A Relationship of Poetic Self and Subject Appeared in Poems of Baek Seok
In recent several years, there have been several theses that attempted to describe the unique characteristics of poetry of Baek Seok in the concept of modernity. However, when we read the poems of Baek Seok without any pre-conception, we should be able to discover that the view of the poet is on the substantially different world from our thoughts as in 'modernity'. The 'modernity' that Baek Seok tried so hard to 'turn away' has shown the irony to emerge as the basis to evaluate the Baek Seok poetry in this research. Baek Seok turned away from the flow of the modernity and restored the local world experienced in the younger days in poetry. Within the realistic word of the current time living as an adult, the subjects on the outside of modernity are found and expressed in poetry. By reviewing the relationship of poetic self and subject shown in the poetry of Baek Seok, it seeks to find the change of poetic perception and striving point. In the collection of poem for Baek Seok, Deer, there are many poems set the time of childhood. In the event of child speaker, frequent exposure for 'I', the lyrical self, is shown with characteristics. When the poetry listed on Deer is divided into two types for contents, it would represents in product group presented for the image of the scenes or situation through the temperament to represent the local world through the reminiscing the younger days. The earlier work is applicable to the narration and the later work is applicable to the scenery shape. The applicable product for the narration exposes the poetic self, 'I', without exception, and as the sentiment gets stronger, it is presented to the front side for even clearer painting quality. The poetic self, 'I', mostly shows the speaker of the child speaker. These two tendencies show up in the works after the poetry collection, but the child speaker was turned to the adult speaker. As showing clearly of his own thinking at the point of adult, the sentimental self-ego, 'I', could not frequently and clearly show its appearance. And, there is a change in the attitude in handling of target by the poetic self. The self-ego of the poetry collection in Deer displayed the target but there was not much of critique on it. In Palm after the poet collection, my thinking on subject emerges in clear implication in the adult point of time, and as time passed, the thinking has become abstracted. At first, the territory of life for the fragment of causes shown in simple sentimental reaction would be expanded and it has ascended for abstract stage as discovering the people and history. The world that he strives for is the space of isolation, the time of past. His poetry strives for past, far away distance, locality, woman and vulnerable things. The pretended modernity transplanted by the Japanese imperialism strives for future, this place, civilization, man, and strength. He had his own aesthetics in the reverse direction of the modern striving that the colonial system plans. However, it is very awkward to define as the intentional strategy for the realization of modernity. Baek Seok has been attempting to show the scenes that seem poor and earthly under the view of modern civilization while displaying the sentiment of local community that has been disappearing under the waves of the modern time. At the time of expanding the material instrumentality, it realizes the 'aesthetics of alienation' to convert the isolation into the blessing. This is the independent aesthetics that he established.
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