천리마대고조기(1958-1967)의 북한 시 연구
A Study on North Korean poems in "Chollima Period"
During the “Chollima movement” period, North Korean poems contributed to maintain and to reinforce overall social mobilization system, leading people toward the idea of future communists' world with 'mass-intoxication' and overheated enthusiasm. Collima was a symbol of 'change' and 'speed', which were the most important values in this period, and, while describing the Chollima leaders, the poems asked North Korean people for unlimited sacrifice and devotion to build the communists' world. North Korean poems sought the origin of Chollima leaders and of their virtue as communist from anti-Japan patriots during the colonial era. It meant that resistance to the imperialism had been formed as one of “national narratives.” It was unavoidable that anti-Japanese fights became praised most-highly, and that, thereafter, Kim Il-Sung worship was much more strengthened. As a result, Kim's family was sanctified, and it was developed to the idea that the whole nation is Kim's expanded family and that the communists' utopia means a huge home headed by their great leader. In conclusion, what the poems of this period tried to say was that the Great Leader awakened his people, armed with communist's moral, to lead them to build affluent country and finally to the Utopia. The utopia-building story could reinforce national narrative of all peoples' resistance against the imperial invasion. On the other hand, it also had them create a closed and narcissistic self image ? “pure people leaving on a pure land.” Under the collective and intoxicative passion, North Korean poems made the people fell into group narcissism without giving them a chance to look back themselves at all.
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