한국의 근ㆍ현대시와 정치
Politicism in Korean Modern Poetry
Modern Korean poetry intrinsically has had close relations with politics, active and passive, including both positive and negative meaning, for the past hundred years. Not only activist poetry, which is a direct intervention into politics, but also pure poetry, which excluded political agendas from its text, was not entirely free from politics. Thus to understand modern Korean poetry, it is essential that we examine the relationship between poetry and politics. As a result of the close relationship between poetry and politics, modern Korean poetry has come to bear the following characteristics: the spread of the idea that poetry is a political instrument or a reflection of political awareness, the idea that a model poet should be a patriot, critical discourse that emphasizes mainly the content and subject matter of poetry, schematic understanding of poetry, rationalization of politically needed poets and poetry, the division of the literary world into different factions, and popularity of prose-like poetry. The two main reasons for such closeness between politics and modern Korean poetry are as follows. First, it was due to the continuation of past tradition. During the Chosun Dynasty of five hundred years, Korean literature was essentially a political instrument, and such attitude toward literature can be said to have been inherited to modern Korean literature. Second, the hundred years of modern Korean history was a time of political turmoil, and intellectuals were always called upon to take a political stand. As a result, modern Korean poetry either actively took part in politics or rejected politics altogether, and either way, literature could not be entirely free from politics. In that aspect, whichever stand or attitude the poet took, his/her poetry was thus, political.
정치 . 민중 . 이데올로기 . 성리학 . 참여문학 . 민중문학 . 생태문학 . 페미니즘 . 국민문학 . 민족문학 . 순수기 . 긍정적 정치의식 . 부정적 정치의식 . 애국시 . 모더니즘 . 아방가르드 . 민족문학론 프롤레타리아트 문학 . 의식화 . politics . Minjoung . humannature and natural law philosophy . femininism . echological poetry . angagement literature . Minjoung literature . national literature . pure poem . positve politicism . negative politicism . patrioic poetry . modernism . Avante-garde . ploretariat literature . brain wash.
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