시의 화자와 거리에 관한 연구 - 서정주 시를 중심으로
A Study on the Speaker of Poem and Distance - Focused on poems of Seo Jung Joo
This study is to focus on the "distance," which determines the success or failure of creation and appreciation in poems. Also, this study is to focus on linguistic representation of the speaker and the degree of closeness between the speaker and the object in the perspective that the distance in the representation determines the distance in the acceptance. In order to develop such discussion, this study is to classify speakers into 〈omniscient, neutral and complex speaker〉 and is to identify characteristics of poetic speakers with such classification. And then, this study is to look about aesthetic distance which is represented by three speakers" types in poems of Seo Jung Joo. Types of the speaker such as omniscient speaker, neutral speaker and complex speaker are classified depending on the degree that the speaker intervenes in the work. Such degree is identified by the attitude of speaker, interested object, the way of linguistic representation and etc. Therefore, the poet gives salience to strengths of each speaker and adjusts the distance between the speaker and the object using linguistic representation as the strategy of minimizing the weaknesses of each speaker. In the poem, aesthetic distance is an important element, which is involved in both creative process of the poet and appreciating process of the reader, and it becomes the link which leads natural meeting and exchange between the poet and readers. Poems of Seo Jung Joo make readers give up private interests and intuit works so that they allow readers to enjoy their aesthetic values. In this point, poems of Seo Jung Joo are evaluated as poems which achieve aesthetic distance.
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