일제 말기 전시체제와 임화의 「찬가」연작
The wartime regime of the and of Japanese imperialism and Im Hwa"s Hymn series
The purpose of this thesis is to analyze the creative intension, structuralized principle, literary historical meaning of Im Hwa"s Hymn series, and shed light on Im Hwa"s poetry of the 1930s through it. He recognized Japanese fascism in terms of a life, but rejected it mentally at the wartime regime of the end of Japanese imperialism. His tragic world view has been expressed as immanent transcendence. When Sino-Japanese War happened before and after, Im Hwa wrote Hymn of sea(1937), Hymn of love(1938), Hymn of night(1939) in order. It was his creature of immanent transcendence. On the one hand the mental overcome of pain appears in Hymn series, it is similar to Nietzsche"s thought of dionysian affirmation(Dionysische bejahung). The poetic subject that overcome a pain also resembles Nietzsche"s overhuman(?ermensch). And on the other hand the dialectic of subject and object operate powerfully upon Hymn series as a control principle of poetry. The endless struggle between subject and object is described in these poems. Im Hwa"s antagonism against the wartime regime of the end of Japanese imperialism is creative of the world of Hymn series. In this world, he could struggle against an enemy on even ground and be restored to a sense of poetic subject of KAPF period. On that point, Hymn series is a good example of poetic resistance to fascism. But It has a problem that tensible force between poetry and reality is weakened because of ideal transcendence to reality.
일제 말기 . 중일전쟁 . 전시체제 . 임화 . 찬가 연작 . 비극적 세계관 . 내재적 초월 . 디오니소스적 긍정 . 운명애 . 위버멘쉬 . 주객변증법 . 대립자들 . 무한투쟁 . 파시즘 . 시적 저항 . 관념적 편향 . end of Japanese imperialism . Sino-Japanese War . wartime regime . Im Hwa . Hymn series . tragic world view . immanent transcendence . dionysian affirmation(Dionysische bejahung) . love of fate(Amor fati) . overhuman(?ermensch) . dialectic of subject and object . opponents . endless struggle . fascism . poetic resistance . ideal inclination.
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