이상화 시의 장소와 장소상실
The Place and Placelessness in Lee Sang-Hwa"s Poetry
In this article I researched Lee Sang-wha"s poems, 'To my Bedroom', 'Spring on the Deprived Land', 'In Tokyo', 'Ode to Mt. Keum-Gang', centering on space theory of phnomenological geographers, Yi-Fu Tuan and Edward Relph. In 'To my Bedroom', the bedroom protects the ego from the hostile world and means the private refuge which can have an escape. But it becomes only abstract unexperienced space because the Madonna, the salvational woman, doesn"t come. That is, it can not function as the concrete shelter which Tuan told. In 'Spring on the Deprived Land', the perosna presents the charming and happy sense of place through the spring field. But the field was deprived and is now others" land, so the charming feeling in the field turns into placelessness. Though the poem grieves over placelessness on the surface, it awakens the strong resistance to recover the territory, the ownership, and sense of place in the depth. 'In Tokyo' sings nostalgia about the hometown and country in Tokyo, the capital of Japan. The nostalgia means a sense of alienation which a Korean colonist feels as an outsider in the capital of an aggressor, Japan. The separation of the place and the sense of place happens as a necessity as long as the writer has the national identity as a Korean. In 'Ode to Mt. Keum-Gang', Mt. Keum-Gang is recognized as a complex with various values and historical consciousness beyond the nature with immortality and eternity. The peak the writer feels in the Mt. Keum-Gang is a sense of place and comes from the discovery of the national reality which the identity of nation accords with the identity of place. This can be the topophilia that Tuan said. The writer presents the eternal circulation of the nature and the attitude to gain the immortality beyond the age of death. Like this Lee Sang-Hwa pursued various meanings about the place as the space of experience. The bedroom which is considered as an abstract space, the field which represents the resistance about the recovery of the place through the crisis which even the sens of the place could be deprived because ownership of the place was deprived, Tokyo which represents the sense of national alienation the Korean colonist feels in the capital of aggressor through the separation of the place and the sense of place, Mt. Keum-Gang which expresses the perfect harmony between identity of the place and the sense of place. Though the analysis about the place I researched the inner world of the poet, consciousness about the world, and the meaning of the works. We cannot but notice the importance of the place to understand the poem in that the place is the original root of human existence, the human take root in the place, see the world through it, and relate with the world.
이상화 . 나의 침실로 . 빼앗긴 들에도 봄은 오는가 . 금강송가 . 도쿄에서 . 장소 . 공간 . 장소감 . 장소애 . 장소상실 . Lee Sang-Hwa . 'To my Bedroom' . 'Spring on the Deprived Land' . 'Ode to Mt. Keum-Gang' . 'In Tokyo' . place . space . sense of place . topophilia . placelessness.
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