문덕수의 주지시론 연구
A Study on the Theory of Intellectual Poetry of Mun Duk-Su
The early poetic theory of Mun Duk-Su is about image. Image is method that expresses things, and recognizes them. Poetry shows 'image thinking' that recognizes things through image. Method that describe something most objectively is describing it in sensuous level. It is possible by using image. Owing to imagination, we can recognize things by image. In this case, imagination is similar with concept "fancy". But, because language is being involved with meaning itself, poetry can not exclude perfectly idea or thought. Therefore, there is poetry that uses "imageless thinking". "Physical poetry" is consisted of only "image thinking". On the contrary, "platonic poetry" is consisted of only "imageless thinking". Mun Duk-Su suggestes "metaphysical poetry" that overcomes narrow-mindness of both. Metaphysical poetry includes metaphysical recognition and shows unity of sense and thought. Metaphysical poetry is presented as the substitute that can overcome limit of image theory. The metaphysical recognition is philosophical or religious realization, and the unity of sense and thought is possible by 'conceit'. This process put root in intelligent area rather than in sensual. Therefore, we can call the poetic theory of Mun, Duk-Su "the theory of intellectual poetry". Mun Duk-Su proposes "multiple description" as a method of metaphysical poetry. "Multiple description" is a method that uses "image thinking" and "imageless thinking" at the same time. It expresses same things or subjects by objective description and abstract representation. Kim Hyun Seung"s poems are representative instance of metaphysical poetry. His poems contain religious realization, and show example of successful "multiple description".
이미지론 . 상상력 . 공상 . 심상사고 . 무심상사고 . 형이상시 . 중층묘사 . 주지시론 . image theory . imagination . fancy . image thinking . imageless thinking . metaphysical poetry . multiple description . theory of intellectual poetry.
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