북한 시문학의 형상화 동인(動因) - 해방기와 전쟁 전후를 중심으로
The Causes of What North Korean Poetry Portrayed - Liberation, prewar, and postwar periods
This treatise has dealt with what North Korean poetry portrayed from liberation to prewar and postwar periods. In effect, the three periods are so short that they partly overlapped and difficult to exactly divide. It stands to reason, however, that rapid social changes made during the periods exerted influence on North Korean poetry. Shortly after liberation North Korea was obsessed with the new, about which it had a complex. Its practical strong will to construct a people"s republic, along with its consciousness of South Korea as a counterpart, may have given a shamanic belief in the new to the chief executives of North Korea. Such consciousness enabled poetry to march into the public, which was regarded as part of an effort to establish a country. When the division of the Korean Peninsula began to be institutionalized after the unstable early period of liberation, the task of poetry was to reflect the achievement of what was called democratic reformation in line with a new economic project and its fulfillment. Yet, the short period couldn"t make it possible to see visible industrial achievements. As a result, the revolutionary romanticism of contemporary literature of North Korea came to hold fast to an optimistic view for the future. All the other poetry running counter to it was decried as formalism. This point is where North Korean Poetry made a new start. For this period showed that no poetry based upon individualism was allowed in any way. The 1950 War served as a momentum for the narration of a hero. Making a hero of Kim Il Seong had already been in steady motion. In poetry heroes of the fields of agriculture and industry had also been portrayed. The wartime Parnassus of North Korea was engrossed in portraying heroes with a keen patriotism even in extreme situations. This forced poets to ponder upon their identity in agony. It can be said that they themselves shaped their identity in accordance with that of North Korean community.
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