김춘수의 시와 산문에 출현하는 "천사"의 양상 - 릴케의 영향론 재고(再考)의 관점에서
The Aspects of "Angels" in Kim Chun-soo"s poems and proses
This thesis tries to show that Kim Chun-soo did not merely adopt the concept of "angel" from the West as what is called "Rilke"s angel", but developed his own orignal one. In precedent studies, the subject among his poems seems to be limited and biased. This thesis analyzes 36 poems which contain "angel" in text or title and tries to demonstrate the characteristics of "angel." This thesis divides Kim"s "angels" as three categories. And I will sometimes refer his "angel" from his prose if necessary. Kim said to meet "angels" three times. It can be "original angel", "Rilke"s angel" and "poet"s angel." The first one is in his childhood, and the third one is in the period after losing his wife. This paper follows this criterion. However, the second one, "Rilke"s angel" needs to be reexamined and complemented. In this paper, I propose the concept of "Russian angel" instead of "Rilke"s angel." Because Kim"s interests was not only on Rilke. His interests about Russia and the Slavs grew through Rilke"s poems, and then he was absorbed in reading of Dostoevskii and Shestov. In precedent studies, Kim"s literature was compared to each writer individually, like "Rilke and Kim Chun-soo" "Dostoevskii and Kim Chun-soo" or "Shestov and Kim Chun-soo" etc. I will examine his poems as a whole with the concept of "Russian angel." It can be the weakness that "Russian angel" is limited on the comparative studies among western poet, writer and thinker. Therefore, this study includes also the "original angel" and "poet"s angel", which have been treated carelessly or roughly in other studies. Through these two categories, it will be obvious that Kim"s angel is related to "Korean tradition." Moreover "Russian angel" which have been considered as foreign one, also has been united with Korean tradition or folkways. Kim"s "private experience" embodies Kim"s "angels" characteristically. In short, these "angels" are beyond poetic objects or subject matters for Kim Chun-soo. "Angels" is the essential of his literature and is united with his own life.
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