현대시에 나타난 비유의 상관성 연구
The Study of mutual relation of figures in modern poetry
The purpose of this paper is to study the kinds of figures, to diagram the ontological positions of them, and to make clear the relations of them. The figures of this paper are five, that is, metaphor, metonymy, synecdoche, symbol and allegory. The diagram of these figures is called the type of 'reverse pyramid.' The horizontal axis of this diagram show an ability of comparison, and the vertical axis show a systematic character. Metaphor is started from a horizontal dimension, synecdoche from vertical dimension, and metonymy is created with combzontion metaphor and synecdoche. Symbol is projectile from a horizontal dimension of metaphor to systematic character, and allegory is transfomation from vertical dimension of synecdoche to comparative character. Four figures intersect at the metonymy. Therefore, metonymy is produced with crossing other figures, not the top of diagram, but bottom of diagram. If other figures are combined with metonymy, they each become dead metaphor, functional synecdoche, traditional symbol and monotonous allegory.
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