김수영 시에 나타난 우울증의 양상과 치유기제 - 현대성을 기원으로 하는 우울증의 세 차원을 중심으로
Aspects of depression and healing mechanism represented in Kim Su-young"s poems - Mostly referring to three dimensions of depression originating from modernity
Kim Su-young"s poem is the first case that figured in earnest the depression which originated from modernity in our poem history. As a text in which the narration and representation of modern depression are recorded, Kim Su-young"s poem figures the loss of three dimensions; the subject, the object and the other. First, the subject means the one that was deprived of its position by the exchange system of capital and became the object. Kim Su-young expresses the sorrow that the position of the subject is not guaranteed constantly as insider/outsider of an office, a modern social space. Second, the object the endlessly reproduced ghostlike object, that is, products made by the exchange system of modern capital. Kim Su-young, overlooking "depression" that capital conceal itself through "liveliness" of products, identifies the discarded and superfluous objects with himself. Third, the modern society intercepts the route enabling cooperation between the subject and the other by ruining lots of "social ideas". Kim Su-young finds "skill of love" that re-discovers the other and the world as the targeted love, sorrowing loss of ideas such as Kim Su-young makes for himself the defense and cure mechanism of depression in the process of reflecting on depressive self. It is the very 'skill of love' and 'glance of an analyst'. If 'skill of love' is the skill of "becoming the subject" that the depressive subject, retreated to one"s own inside, re-discovers and re-creates the lost object in the other and the world, "glance of an analyst" is the skill of "becoming of the other" continuously renewing oneself, seeing the identity of the depressive self from the viewpoint of a third party. The skill=methodology for coping with the depression created by the depressive subject itself has a significant meaning. This means going forward from passive ethical selection suffering from depression instead of sharing the sin of modern civilization to positive ethical selection curing depression. Kim Su-young, based on modern viewpoint of an analyst reflecting on modernity, pioneered the rare, modern and ethical poetic world in our poetic history.
우울증 . 현대성 . 애도의 불가능성 . 치유기제 . 대상이 된 주체 . 유령화된 대상 . 이상의 몰락 . 분석가의 시선 . depression . modernity . impossibility of sorrow . cure mechanism . the subject that became the object . ruin of an idea . glance of an analyst.
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