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A Study on the Realistic Poetry and the Creative Reception of Poetic Theory

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    The development of realistic poetry in history of Korean literature has not been a smooth one. In the outer literature, it had to resist against the Japanese Imperialism and the deteriorated ideology of liberal democracy, whereas in the field of literature itself, against sentimentalism, mannerism, pure lyrics and abstruse poetry. Though. in its due course, realistic poetry experiencing rise and fall and growing competitive enough has now gained a somewhat firm position in the history of Korean literature. Speaking of the development of realistic poetry as a way of ensuring itself in Korean literature, it would be of value to discuss its significances and shortcomings. One of its foremost benefits would be the formation of stories or events that are easy to understand into poetry, which succeeded in attracting a larger group of readers than ever. Instead of writing poems that are rather technical-, and rhetorical-oriented, realistic poetry seeing its readers also as non-professional has opened a new scope of mind that poetry is not something difficult to approach at all. Through this, realistic poetry has played a prominent role in the contribution to the popularization of poetry. As for the next. realistic poetry as a mirror of reality has shown besides personal usefulness its capacity for powering change to its society as well as for confronting with the political and social reality. In other words. broadening the meaning that a poetry can possess into the scope of social aspect. realistic poetry in effect has pronounced itself to be able to play a role in the social sphere and not only in the sphere of personal creation such as expressing personal thoughts and feelings. The political piece of literature. the proletarian(?) poetry which transcended the class partisanship and the poetry of civil movement of the 1970"s which stood against the dictatorship are examples for this. Hence considering such significances of realistic poetry. one cannot criticize realistic poetry as for having been politically oriented. Even though. it is undeniable that realistic poetry has failed in realizing poetic implications. which is the characteristic of poetic language. Seeing poetic language and its characteristics as not wholly speaking things that can be spoken and thus. stimulating readers" imaginations. realistic poetry on the other hand telling about stories and events in a much blunt way has blocked the free play of imaginations that should have taken place in readers" minds. This weakness already pinpointed with the rise of pro poetry is not an exception for the poetry of civil movements that followed later. These benefits and shortcomings, though, are both positive products in history of modern Korean poetry in the aspect of inheritance and conquest, respectively. Seen from this perspective, the legacy of realistic poetry is our portion to enjoy, i.e. it is not something which we can leave to someone else, but rather the honor and the load which we should enjoy for our future of Korean literature.


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