해방 후 북한 시의 양식적 변모에 관한 고찰 - 1945~1950년을 중심으로
A Study about the Transition of a Style in North Korea Pretty after liberty - from 1945 ~ to 1950
We were liberated from Japanese Imperialism on August 15, 1945. We were pleased to be the liberty under the rule of japanese Imperialists, But because we had a liberty the power of the countries we had a great problem after the period of three Kingdoms. That is a reunification of a people, I think many politician who claim to be a prophet had tried to take a political initiative but we didn"t have any political reader who presented their historic visions. I think the reason was great hurts under the rule of Japanese Imperialism. The history of North Korea literature was started to the severe historic trials. After liberty, a lot of poets had written many duty poetry as a part of popular literature on the basis of the 〈Order for the Mobilization for the Ideology of the Country Establishment〉. But other poets had written the lyrics a little. Many people had criticised the lyrics as a formalism but sometimes supported through the controversy of schematization. But the poetry literature as a personal lyrical condensation didn"t become a literary tendency but expressed a personal simple feeling after the Korean War 〈1950~1953〉. Meanwhile, the emphasis of epics was related to the popularization of poetry literature and put a theory of utilitarian literature into practice. The very core of epics was furred by great hero who was named Kim Il-sung as well as ordinary people who had fought desperately for their hero. The forming about Kim Il-Sung as a hero as well as desperate fighting of ordinary people became a good model to the North Korea society. The overwhelming of hero and heroic description decided on a destiny of epics and lyrics. At that titre, the North Korea literary circle got a shock the movement of modernists through 「Ung-Hyang」 (condensed perfumes).「Kwan-Seo collection of Poet」. The term which is 「Ung-Hyang」 group was scorned. Therefore I think they had reacted to the movement of modernists sensitively. A part of poets, for example Kim Jo-Kyu, Yang Myeong-Mun, looked into the modernistic tendency but the Korean War robbed poets of the modernistic tendency.
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