현대시에 나타난 제의적 성격 - 황동규의 『풍장』연작을 중심으로
The Character of Memorial Rituals in Modern Poetry - Reflected in Dongkyu Whang"s serial poem ""Poong-Jang"
Whang tries to investigate the issue of life and death, an essential human predicament, by making "Poong-Jang" a poetic material. The serial poem "Poong-Jang" suggests a strong character of memorial rituals in its structure and thinking style. Thus, in this paper I shall illuminate and analyze the unconsciously presented prototype of the ritual elements in the poems, so as to reveal the modern revival of ritualistic meanings. I shall also examine the existential meanings that Whang tries to obtain through his ritualistic poetic grammar. The serial "poong-jang" adopting the Korean traditional burial ceremony as a poetic motive shows those relationships between life and death, humans and the universe that are deeply hidden or implicitly existing in our Korean consciousness. Moreover, Whang"s serial poem illustrates in his modern poetic space the sacrificial, harvesting, and membership rituals that were universally performed in all ancient tribes. All memorial rituals are to be held in the belief that a dead individual will resurrect or reincarnate in "chaotic" eternity of space and titre without being chained any further to "cosmic" world order. Whang"s poems adopting memorial structure for literary symbol, therefore, intend to show the world of eternity through death, rejoicing through the union of opposing others, and resurrection through sacrifice. In the end, Whang"s poetry is returning to the center of existence, enlightening us to realize the worth of existence, that is, to understand eternity by way of limitedness, hammy by way of confrontation, and sacredness by way of secularism.
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