한국현대여성문학사 - 시
A Study of Korean Modern Women"s Literary History - Poetry
The literary works of women have hem alienated without being properly included or evaluated in the history of Korean literature. The subjects of women"s poetry, such as self-consciousness and frustration, free will and desires, yearnings for independent being, have been undervalued considering its literary achievements and significance. Moreover, the poetry of women, who have been awakened to realize they are modern women, have been neglected as "crazy women"s gibberish." Based on the consciousness of this problem, this study is intended to look into the genealogy of women"s poetry by examining the Korean literature in three periods. The first period was the quickening period of women"s poetry, from 1910 to the 1945 Liberation. The second period was the seeking period, from the Liberation to the 1960s. The third period was the growth period, from the 1970s to the 1990s. This study states the history of women"s poetry by using two major approaches. examining the most noticeable subjects of each period, and typical discourse and techniques of expression used to deal with each subject effectively. In the first period, that is, the colonial period, the women"s poetry gained its position with poems showing warren"s consciousness as pioneers, of national identity, and of womanhood. The poems in this period sought self-consciousness in the conflicts between the consciousness of modern self" and the internalized consciousness of the traditional image of women In the second period, the poets" consciousness of their public being heightened. Some poets wrote regressive poems romantically pouring out women" s inner heart, while others wrote coherent poems inquiring into ontological matters and realizing their identities. In this period, the Korean war and the succeeding partition of the Korean peninsula threw the whole country into chaos. Therefore, women poets suffered from futility of life and scars of reality and probed ontological matters. Since the third period, the poetry of women has rapidly grown and diversified. One of the major subjects in this period is negative recognition of violent reality, which has been dealt with dismantling and fragmentary discourse. Another subject is motherhood body and sexuality with which poets have pursued women"s identity and maintained the growth of women"s consciousness by looking at them from negative as well as positive viewpoints. The third stream has been made up of poems describing the history of women"s lives and daily lives with women"s narrative discourse. The fourth have sought for poetic language in order to restore lyricism In the fifth stream, poets have rejected otherness of women and the differences of sex by using grotesque and nonsexual words. These are the important subjects and discourses of the women" s poetry which have been dealt with so far. Many researchers have shown fruitful results on the literary works of women. They have realized that the previous history of literature was lame because it connived at the absence of women" s literature. In addition, they "reread" the classics from the viewpoints of warren to correct misreadings. Furthermore, after they read warren"s poetry with women"s viewpoints in the foreground they have newly found that more positive and active consciousness of warren was needed in the poetry. Based on the brisk growth of women"s poetry and serious research results on it, this study expects to find the significance of the history of women"s poetry which has been ignored in the history of Korean literature, so as to restore the status of the history of Korean women"s poetry and its critical values.
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