김광균 시의 자연과 모더니티
A Study on the nature in Kim Kwang-Kyun"s Poetry
This paper is approached by the point of view why Kim Kwang-Kyun"s poetry is modernistic poetry, Especially I researched that Kim Kwang-Kyun"s description of nature is not so much classical as modernistic. The nature has been not only the key object but also the key subject on the way of writing lyric poem. But the nature in Kim Kwang-Kyun"s poetry is not the key subject but the key object. Because the nature in Kim Kwang-Kyun"s poetry is designed with artificiality for the modernistic poetry. Kim Kwang-Kyun studied his poetry was not so much lyric poem as modernistic poetry, Furthermore, he thought that the modernistic poetry was made rather than creating by rhetorical device as synaesthetic expression. Consequently the nature in his poetry was made from mindlessness, and his tragic ego was concealed under the mindlessness. That is, his poetry was not identical nature by assimilation but independent nature by description of image, But the nature in some of his poetry was not only artificial but also tragic projected as his empathy, Nevertheless this style of his poetry was also modernistic, because of his paradoxical and ironic rhetoric, and his separated ego which stood for tragic Ich-in-Welt. This paper clarified that Kim Kwang-Kyun"s poetry settled on a genealogy of modernistic poetry in 1930s as the rhetorical devised nature without assimilation. Furthermore, his poetry settled on antinomic genealogy, which one genealogy of them was lyric poem as nature object, and the other was modernistic poetry as nature object. Nevertheless the nature objected by rhetoric in Kim Kwang-Kyun"s poetry belonged to modernism rather than traditionalism. The difference between lyric poem and Kim Kwang-Kyun"s poetry or modernistic poetry was the modernistic rhetoric, for example paradoxical and ironic rhetoric, mindlessness, narcissist ego, and separated ego am so on. To put it concretely, it was the devised nature with artificiality.
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