근대성과 자연합일의 시
The Poems United with Nature Affected in the Modernity(Ⅰ)
This Study has tried to illuminate a pattern of the poems united with nature affected in the modern paradigm with a rapid collapse of traditional world, and to lighten a view of the world exposed in the pattern of them. The chapter of 'the Loss of an Origin-Home and the Yearning for There' in this main discourse has analyzed the poems about the loss of home in the modern world on assumption that an intention of unity with nature has been posited in our 'home-idea.' The problem of the loss of home has been able to be a modern phenomenon it rarely have been found in traditional poems about nature. The loss of home in the modern Korea has been caused by the rule of Japanese imperialism from which had exploited all of her people and land, by the division of her territory in where had been affected conflicts of interests of the western or pre-industrialized powers, and by the industrialization and urbanization in which had been rapidly and forcedly progressed. These violent reforms have issued problems of departure and wandering from home, dispersion and loss of home, and rural exodus. These tragic stories have been filled with Seok Back's poems for which have spoken the loss of home under the rule of Japanese imperialism, Bong Gun Jeon and Yoon Sook Hong's poems in which have incorporated experiences of the division of nation and the loss of home, and Jai Goo Guak and Yong Tack Kim's poems about which have expressed the rural exodus and grieves of the losers of home under the wave of the industralization and urbanization. The 'home-idea' exposed in these poems is to be characterized by the same point it has been placed in a kinship relation with nature, and simultaneously, by the what a longing for return of there have been connoted in it. It is thus to be considered that the consciousness of unity with nature and of yearning for the Eden has been lodged in this poetic home. And, in the modern paradigm, the home is also to be characterized by what it has been geared into the 'loss.'. The chapter of 'the Contemplative Eyes and the Aesthetic Senses about Nature' has focused on the poems of Ji Yong Jeong, Mock Worl Park, Ji Hoon Jo, and Yong Le Park who have made the nature aesthetic objects, and have tried to expose what this contemplative nature has connoted in itself. The nature as an solitary and silent space excluding human daily life and realities has predominantly risen from the poems of Ji Yong Jeong, Mock Worl Park, Ji Hoon Jo, which is to be interpreted as an expression of the poets' longings for disconnection from the revolting realities of life. There is only an unity of the contemplative self between the nature it has had its own beauty in itself. This is to be a nature as a space of comfort when it is impossible to discover an aesthetic style of life from the realities and history. In a different way from them, the human life and nature has appeared as harmonized or united one 'landscape' in Yong Le Park's poems about contemplated nature. His poems united with nature are to be identified as antimodern and anti-urban created from antipathy against civilizations and cities. All of the poems united with nature in the modern paradigm have been created from a distorted structure of history and a dearth it has been made by that structure. The violent reforms that had been brought about the rule of Japanese imperialism, the Korean war, and the industralization and urbanization have led to make the poets yearn for the nature as a space of the beauty, of the nostalgia, of the Eden. Consequently it is to be concluded that the longing for the unity with nature has been generated in the poets' psyche to overcome the fundamental dearth of the people in modern times.
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