정지용의 山水詩 考察 - 「九城洞」ㆍ「비」의 해석: '隱逸'의 의미를 중심으로
Search on nature poems(Sansu-si) written by Jeong, Ji-yong
This paper studies the features of “seclusion”(隱逸) and analyzes the poems, 「Gusungdong」 and 「Rain」, in order to discover the essence of these Nature Poems (Sansusi). It is often pointed out that the discovery of the “essence” of these poems was the peak in the later poetry world of Jeong Ji-yong. Under the common Eastern cultural tradition, “seclusion” cannot simply be interpreted as a reclusive life or a negative escape into the nature. It was established that it meant an imaginary space of active transcendence of the mind and the existence of the subject in his poem 「Gusungdong」. We may say that such transcendental imagination may have originated from the sense of impending crisis of the times. However, Jeong Ji-yong could not transcend the limitations of his mind even with a combination of spiritual and artistic training that is the Eastern-cultural trend. Consequently, Jeong Ji-yong approaches the poetics of Eastern imagination that is based on harmony with nature. He accomplished this by reviving his early sense of the language through a series of poems such as 「Rain」. However, as we can see from「Rain｣ and ｢Breakfast｣ that his work does leave some room for a negative evaluation in that he did not reach the ultimate limits of the universe of Eastern natural speculation that penetrates into the “essence of the form.” Rather, as one of the literary men of the times, he describes poetically the defeated self-consciousness. The poetical investigation of Jeong Ji-yong and his times, as we pointed out in the main text, embodies a summit of Modern Korean Poetry, which has been on the border of pre-modern poetry and a modernity that falls within the cultural code of Eastern tradition. However, the suppression in those times restrained his activities and hindered him from reaching a higher plateau. In other words, his orientation in poetry, which was rooted in Eastern Art theory, did not have the opportunity to escalate and take the desired form.
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